New Year’s Day, 1904, the 116th Street and Broadway subway station opened – and with it, a building boom in the farther reaches of Manhattan’s Upper West Side. New exquisitely appointed apartment houses were being erected. Columbia University moved from mid-town to its Morningside Heights campus in 1897. Low Library on the Columbia campus opened in 1907. St. John the Divine’s first construction phase was completed in 1911.
In 1909, during this construction frenzy, Charles E. McManus bought eight lots at the northeast corner of 108th Street and Broadway. He hired the renowned architectural firm of Neville and Bagge to design the twelve-story, fireproof apartment house at a cost of $800,000.
Their resulting design? A Beaux Arts beauty, simple and elegant: Limestone encased the exterior of The Manchester’s lower floors. Beige brick covered the upper stories with artfully embellished balconies supported by limestone filigree. Classic wrought iron doors graced the entrance and wrought iron railings lined the inner staircase. Doormen sat at a desk in the grand lobby foyer surrounded by grey-white marble walls, a white ceiling patterned with ornate moldings, and a floor tiled in pristine white, elegantly bordered with a terra-cotta red Greek key pattern.
The finishing touch? Over the grand front entrance, a woman’s dramatically carved face protrudes, her hair like rays in the shape of leaves extending toward sunflowers. She is now the Manchester’s cherished symbol and protector: Phoebe, named after a long-time resident.
In 1981, the building went co-op and residents had the opportunity to buy their apartments. Today, over 96% of the building is owned by members of the co-op. Now, as apartments come onto the market, existing residents are buying them and combining them once again.
As a forerunner in the trend of creating elegant apartment houses for multi-family living, The Manchester was featured in a January 30, 1910 article in The New York Times. Read excerpt.
With the land, the total investment will aggregate considerably over $1,000,000. The building will be ready for occupancy August 1,  and will contain every modern improvement known to the builders of the highest class apartment houses, it being the intention to offer apartments of six and eight rooms, with two baths, large foyer, every room being large and light, while in finish they will be the equal of the most expensive apartments in the city.
Each apartment will have two entrances, one main and one for servants. All deliveries will be made direct to servants’ entrances, thus eliminating dumbwaiters. That portion of Broadway, Bloomingdale Square, the terminus of West End Avenue, is only one short block from Riverside Drive.